Tweet NaturalNews A recent archaeological discovery that throws a wrench into the conventional theory of evolution has reportedly cost a California professor his job. Mark Armitage, a former scientist at California State University, Northridge CSUN , was reportedly fired after claiming to have unearthed a dinosaur fossil that still contains soft, flexible tissue, suggesting that it can’t be millions of years old. A year veteran in his field, Armitage has published many studies over the years in peer-reviewed journals. One of his most recent was published last July, pertaining to a discovery he made at the Hell Creek Formation excavation site in Montana. According to The Christian Post, Armitage was evaluating a triceratops horn fossil when he came across preserved soft tissue. A lawsuit recently filed in Armitage’s defense describes his reaction to the discovery as “fascinated,” since flexible matter has never before been discovered on a dinosaur fossil. Naturally, Armitage published his findings — in this case, he published them in the Elsevier journal Acta Histochemica — and proceeded to share his findings with his students. Not long after, Armitage was approached by a CSUN faculty head who reportedly shouted at him, “We are not going to tolerate your religion in this department! This should be a wakeup call and warning to the entire world of academia. In a story published by The Huffington Post, Stephanie Pappas explained that iron in dinosaurs’ blood may have a preservative effect on soft tissue.
Creation vs. Evolution
Insects The first invertebrates crawled onto land by at least million years ago, and took to the air a few millennia later. The oldest insect fossils date to million years: It is thought that detritus-eating invertebrates colonized land along with the first land plants, possibly the Cooksonia that is often found with the insect fossils; insects did not develop the mouth parts for eating plants until the Carboniferous 50 million years later.
Towering foot tall club mosses and 50 to 90 foot tall horsetails dominated the marshy tropical lowlands. The club-mosses, or lycopsids, were bizarre-looking trees with scaly-barked trunks that bore leaf scars in spiral patterns, flourished branches from their crowns, and sprouted spikey leaves; their descendants are the ground-pines of temperate forests. The giant horsetails, or sphenopsids, had trunks jointed like bamboo, with branches extending from each raised joint, or node, and bearing circlets of leaves and cones; their descendants are the little horsetails commonly found along the edges of swamps.
Introduction Hastings is a large town (and borough) on the coast of East Sussex in Southern England with a population of over 86, people.
How might the Hastings area have looked million years ago? Introduction Hastings is a large town and borough on the coast of East Sussex in Southern England with a population of over 86, people. Immediately east of the town and extending for four miles towards Fairlight are a series of spectacular golden coloured cliffs that tower over metres above sea-level.
In recent centuries many fine fossils have been exposed within the cliffs and foreshore, including the skeletal remains of dinosaurs, pterosaurs and fish, and other creatures and vegetation that inhabited this environment around million years ago mya. The sandstone rocks and fossils provide evidence of a large lake or lagoon, rich in aquatic and land based life, including several species of herbivorous plant eating and carnivorous meat eating dinosaurs. Although dinosaur bones are relatively rare the evidence of these reptiles movements can be found more commonly in the form of footprints and casts on the surface of fallen rocks.
Parking is available east of the town along Rock-a-Nore Road. View from the car park area overlooking the cliffs east of Hastings. Access to the cliffs and foreshore is made from Rock-a-Nore road, along which ‘pay and display’ parking is available throughout the year see above-left. A visit to Hastings is best timed to coincide with a falling tide as much of the foreshore is otherwise submerged beneath the sea, however depending on the height of the high-tide some areas of the backshore may remain accessible.
The geology of Hastings The sediments exposed in the cliffs and on the foreshore between Hastings and Fairlight in the east date from the Early Cretaceous epoch Berriasian – Valanginian stages approximately mya.
Jean & Ric Edelman Fossil Park at Rowan University
See Article History Alternative Title: Dinosauria Dinosaur, the common name given to a group of reptiles , often very large, that first appeared roughly million years ago near the beginning of the Middle Triassic Epoch and thrived worldwide for nearly million years. Most died out by the end of the Cretaceous Period , about 66 million years ago, but many lines of evidence now show that one lineage evolved into birds about million years ago.
The English anatomist Richard Owen proposed the formal term Dinosauria in to include three giant extinct animals Megalosaurus , Iguanodon , and Hylaeosaurus represented by large fossilized bones that had been unearthed at several locations in southern England during the early part of the 19th century. Owen recognized that these reptiles were far different from other known reptiles of the present and the past for three reasons: Originally applied to just a handful of incomplete specimens, the category Dinosauria now encompasses more than generic names and at least 1, species, with new names being added to the roster every year as the result of scientific explorations around the world.
Scientist fired from university after discovering shocking dinosaur bones believed to be only 4, years old. Tuesday, August 05, by: Jonathan Benson, staff writer.
You can download this educational site to SurfOffline , WebCopier or similar software to keep a safe permanent offline copy, but note that at present there is periodic updating of the live version. Kimmeridge Clay Fossils – Introduction The Kimmeridge Clay contains a remarkable range of fossils including occasional bones of dinosaurs, ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs and pterosaurs and many invertebrate fossils.
It is an important formation from a palaeontological point of view and the cliffs here have been yielding remarkable finds for almost two centuries. On a brief visit crushed ammonites are conspicuous. These are common in the shales of the Kimmeridge Clay. Here is an example in a shale ledge on the shore east of Clavell’s Hard. Uncrushed ammonites also occur in places, usually where there are early septarian nodules which have been lithified before compaction and thus retained the ammonite in original shape.
Chapmans Pool, with the Rotunda Nodules, is the easiest place for finding such specimens, although I have found a rare specimen loose on the shore between Rope Lake Head and Freshwater Steps. Ammonites are not usually found uncrushed in Kimmeridge Bay though. Some various fossil groups are discussed below with some illustrations.
Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale
January Fossils provide a record of the history of life. Smith is known as the Father of English Geology. Our understanding of the shape and pattern of the history of life depends on the accuracy of fossils and dating methods. Some critics, particularly religious fundamentalists, argue that neither fossils nor dating can be trusted, and that their interpretations are better. Other critics, perhaps more familiar with the data, question certain aspects of the quality of the fossil record and of its dating.
These skeptics do not provide scientific evidence for their views.
View the latest news from Dinosaur Isle, including the latest finds; including Caulkicephalus trimicrodon a new species of pterosaur unique to the Isle of Wight. The original is held by Dinosaur Isle.
Dinosaurs supposedly died out 65 million years ago. Several tests were done by the University of Georgia using accelerator mass spectrometry. The age for all these fossils was found to be less than 50, years 1. This is not predicted by conventional evolutionary theory; and other discoveries have been made concerning dinosaurs which also are not predicted by evolutionary theory such as the discovery of soft tissue in bones that are not or are only partially fossilized.
Hugh Miller and others authored a paper detailing the results of carbon dating of dinosaur fossils which was presented at the Western Geophysics Meeting in Singapore, August However, the abstract of the Miller presentation was removed from the website for the conference. If the accepted ages of millions of years for dinosaurs were to be found to be in error, this would be a problem to evolution. The dinosaur dates reported below and discussed in the AOGS paper discussed throughout this article, included triceratops, hadrosaur, allosaurus, and acrocanthasaurs.
Ancient Dinosaur Depictions
How might the Charmouth area have looked million years ago? Introduction Charmouth was one of the first locations added to Discovering Fossils, and has since been the destination for several organised fossil trips. The famous coastline between Lyme Regis in the west , and Seatown in the east , has yielded a range of spectacular fossils, including: Parking and refreshments are available alongside the mouth of the river Char.
The area is well suited to amateur and experienced fossil hunters alike; throughout the year visitors flock in their masses to scour the beach for fossils washed out of the cliffs and foreshore. The rocks at Charmouth date predominantly from the early part of the Jurassic period around million years ago , during which time this area lay beneath a warm, shallow sea, closer to the equator, approximately where North Africa resides today.
About. Located in South Jersey, the cradle of dinosaur paleontology, the park in Mantua Township, N.J., contains thousands of fossils dating back 65 million years.
Primary source references As a preface to this document, I want to point out that it is a shame that we have to continue to refute the same arguments that evolutionists keep bringing up over and over again in their attempts to argue against the fact of creation, which fact has been well established since the day the earth was created ex nihilo several thousand years ago. It is also a shame that the masses have bought all this based on some circular reasoning about fossils, where fossils tend to be found buried, similarities between various life forms, the presence of certain decay products in rocks, and other inherently speculative arguments about the past, based on phenomena that exist in the present.
If I hope to accomplish anything, it will be to simply encourage critical thinking. One must get past the arguments ad populum that its popularity counts for something , ad hominem that if you attack the person making the argument, this counts for something , and especially ad baculum that there are people who have the clout to decree it as true , to ask the key questions and challenge the unsubstantiated assumptions and thinking of those who would hold to the evolution position.
Today there are an increasing number of anti-creationist authors who are producing books and periodicals that make this relatively brief presentation insufficient to deal with all the points in dispute. Those defending creation today who don’t have the time to devote their life’s study to gaining expertise in all fields of inquiry must principally be prepared to think critically, logically, and challenge unsubstantiated assumptions made by these people.
Dinosaur Questions and Answers
These formations may have resulted from carcass burial in an anoxic environment with minimal bacteria, thus slowing decomposition. Stromatolites Lower Proterozoic stromatolites from Bolivia , South America Stromatolites are layered accretionary structures formed in shallow water by the trapping, binding and cementation of sedimentary grains by biofilms of microorganisms , especially cyanobacteria. While older, Archean fossil remains are presumed to be colonies of cyanobacteria , younger that is, Proterozoic fossils may be primordial forms of the eukaryote chlorophytes that is, green algae.
One genus of stromatolite very common in the geologic record is Collenia. The earliest stromatolite of confirmed microbial origin dates to 2. The most widely supported explanation is that stromatolite builders fell victims to grazing creatures the Cambrian substrate revolution , implying that sufficiently complex organisms were common over 1 billion years ago.
The standard approach to looking at fossils in the geological column is to assume that lower is older. Since the geologic column represents millions of years of Earth’s history, then obviously the fossils in each of the layers must be the same age as the layer in which they are found. What is especially interesting is that the fossils do appear to show a progression from the most “simple” of.
After that comes a more difficult process: Finding a fossil merely places one organism within a time span. Finding many organisms places the group within a time span. Determining the actual existence-span of the species is very approximate. If the fossils are relatively rare, the actual existence-span may be much greater that the fossil record indicates. Even if the fossils are relatively abundant during the species’ heyday, the number of organisms may have been small during the time of its appearance on Earth and during its demise.
At these important times, its fossil record might be sparse or nil, causing those times to be under-represented. The oldest method is stratigraphy, studying how deeply a fossil is buried. Dinosaur fossils are usually found in sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock layers strata are formed episodically as earth is deposited horizontally over time. Newer layers are formed on top of older layers, pressurizing them into rocks. Paleontologists can estimate the amount of time that has passed since the stratum containing the fossil was formed.
Generally, deeper rocks and fossils are older than those found above them.
Dinosaurs’ Living Descendants
What about the fact that the “simple” organisms are buried in the lower levels and the more “complicated” ones are buried in the higher levels? Doesn’t this fact support the notion that simple organisms evolved into more and more complex organisms over time, with the more complex organisms buried and fossilized above the earlier and simpler life forms?
Certainly this seems like a very logical assumption. But, things just aren’t that easy.
Read through these Fun facts on fossils and find the biggest, oldest, longest fossils ever found!. Invertebrates. The Largest Ammonites. Titanites are often 2 feet (53 centimeters) in diameter. They are found in southern England and come from the Jurassic Period. Pachydiscus seppenradensis sometimes reach a diameter of 6 ½ feet (2 meters). They are found in Germany from the Cretaceous Period.
Facts on Fossils Extremes In The fossil World Read through these Fun facts on fossils and find the biggest, oldest, longest fossils ever found! Invertebrates The Largest Ammonites Titanites are often 2 feet 53 centimeters in diameter. They are found in southern England and come from the Jurassic Period. They are found in Germany from the Cretaceous Period. They are found in North American, from the Cretaceous Period. The Largest Nautiloids The largest nautiloid on record is called Endoceras.
New dinosaur dating technique paper released
The bone was 68 million years old, and conventional wisdom about fossilization is that all soft tissue, from blood to brains , decomposes. Only hard parts, like bones and teeth, can become fossils. But for some people, the discovery raised a different question. How do scientists know the bones are really 68 million years old?
Introduction Lyme Regis is located on the Dorset coast, and represents a significant part of the Jurassic Coast – World Heritage Site. The rocks date predominantly from the Early Jurassic epoch, approximately million years ago, during which time a warm sea spread across much of the UK.
Acknowledgements Introduction his document discusses the way radiometric dating and stratigraphic principles are used to establish the conventional geological time scale. It is not about the theory behind radiometric dating methods, it is about their application, and it therefore assumes the reader has some familiarity with the technique already refer to “Other Sources” for more information.
As an example of how they are used, radiometric dates from geologically simple, fossiliferous Cretaceous rocks in western North America are compared to the geological time scale. To get to that point, there is also a historical discussion and description of non-radiometric dating methods. A common form of criticism is to cite geologically complicated situations where the application of radiometric dating is very challenging. These are often characterised as the norm, rather than the exception.
I thought it would be useful to present an example where the geology is simple, and unsurprisingly, the method does work well, to show the quality of data that would have to be invalidated before a major revision of the geologic time scale could be accepted by conventional scientists. Geochronologists do not claim that radiometric dating is foolproof no scientific method is , but it does work reliably for most samples.
It is these highly consistent and reliable samples, rather than the tricky ones, that have to be falsified for “young Earth” theories to have any scientific plausibility, not to mention the need to falsify huge amounts of evidence from other techniques. This document is partly based on a prior posting composed in reply to Ted Holden. My thanks to both him and other critics for motivating me. Background Stratigraphic Principles and Relative Time Much of the Earth’s geology consists of successional layers of different rock types, piled one on top of another.
The most common rocks observed in this form are sedimentary rocks derived from what were formerly sediments , and extrusive igneous rocks e.
The property of a European gentleman. Originally found in Western Sumatra at a depth of 40 m. Tennessee, Carboniferous Period, million years BP.
dinosaur; fossil Learn about the history of people discovering fossils and the coining of the term dinosaur. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The extensive fossil record of genera and species is testimony that dinosaurs were diverse animals, with widely varying lifestyles and remains are found in sedimentary rock layers (strata) dating to the Late Triassic Epoch (approximately.
Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. He directed the pretreatment and processing of the dinosaur bone samples with the Accelerator Mass Spectrometer, though he did not know the bones were from dinosaurs, and he signed the reports. Carbon dating at this facility is certainly the very best. But in , someone told the director of the facility, Jeff Speakman, that the Paleochronology group was showing the Carbon reports on a website and YouTube and drawing the obvious conclusions.
So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution. Consequently, we are no longer able to provide radiocarbon services in support of your anti-scientific agenda.
I have instructed the Radiocarbon Laboratory to return your recent samples to you and to not accept any future samples for analysis. No, his objection was that the Paleochronology group was using the reports as evidence that dinosaurs lived thousands, not millions, of years ago. So I asked him 3 times over 3 weeks what is the right conclusion to draw from the test results they provided us; then I asked his entire scientific staff. None of them had an answer.
This is an attitude we have encountered among members of academia: